Fall Home Brewing: A Beginners Guide


For anyone who love beer, home brewing is the ideal hobby. For those who are still a beginner in terms of home brewing, the process may look like it is quite hard. However, you will eventually realize how fun and easy making your personal beer really is the moment you get the hang of it. Here are some of the tips for those who have just begun:

What you’ll need

There are several equipment and tools that you can utilize as you make beer. But, there are a lot of places on Long Island where you are able to purchase brewing kits that are pre-made. These are the possible tools you can use:

  • Thermometer
  • Strainer
  • Racking cane
  • Measuring cup
  • Large stirring spoon
  • Fermentor (usually a large plastic bucket)
  • Cleaner and sanitizer
  • Bottling bucket
  • Bottles and caps
  • Bottle filler
  • Bottle capper
  • Bottle brush
  • Airlock and bung
  • Boiling pot (1.5 – 5 gallons)


Even though ingredients are a vital aspect of your home brew, you might be shocked to know that the real brewing process itself plays a great role regarding how your beer will taste. There are recipes that can be searched at your local brewing store and online. These are a few fundamental ingredients that you will tend to utilize for the following 3 famous brews:

  • Pumpkin Ale: This might be a bit complicated for home brewer starters, while the pumpkin has to be particularly prepared for most recipes. However, no one is saying that you cannot attempt to make a great pumpkin brew on your first attempt. Also, you’ll be using cinnamon, nutmeg, ginger root and malt in a lot of recipes.
  • Oktoberfest: Usually, these beers are heavy in malt. A few recipes call for as much as 5 various kinds of malt in a single beer. Also, you’ll be utilizing hops, among the other fundamental ingredients.
  • India Pale Ale (IPA): For almost all IPA’s, hops are the biggest ingredient. You’ll be utilizing wheat, malt and barley as well.

Brewing Process

In terms of the brewing process, you can search for a step-by-step guide online. This will provide you an idea of what you are going to do for your pioneering home brew. The whole process can take approximately one to two months before it will be finished. This entirely relies on the beer type that you want to create and what the specific recipe calls for as you brew.

Four Major Reasons Why You Have to Drink Craft Beer


There are a lot of other reasons to go for craft beer over macro beers. The next moment you are at your local restaurant, beer isle or bar you should think about some of these reasons why you should opt drinking craft beer from now on, and select wisely.

  1. Honesty in a bottle.

Huge beer brands have attained a reputation for its secrecy and dishonesty from their marketing strategy up to the owner of the companies.

Some of the leading beer companies are even owned by Americans. Although they are trying their best to keep it a secret. Moreover, their commercials never really reveal too much except for how cold their beers are. You must not select your beer according to its temperature. As a matter of fact, beers that have cold temperature covers the taste and flavour of your beer or even lack of it.

  1. Support local business

Brewers Association noted that most of the Americans now live within at least 10-15 miles of a craft brewery. Purchase local and more money can stay closer to home. This does not only help your local brewers more of your favourite beer, however it promotes your local economy as well.

Moreover, supporting local provides you the chance to have a taste of the freshest and best beer ever. Although you have to make connection and build rapport as well. In order to do this, you have to meet the men behind the beer, which are the brewers, and share to something made out of passion. A lot of craft breweries are much supportive of their locals as well through utilizing ingredients that can be found locally, which provides effort and time to assist host events, and funding charities as well. Now, who among you do not want to be a part of aiding their home thrive?

  1. Sustainable brewing.

The majority of craft brewers got an environmental streak in them. They attempt to perform their craft in a sustainable way. From giving spent grain to farmers to composting; utilizing practices and equipment that take less resources to utilize substitute energy sources, these breweries have more ideas compared to how much money they can accumulate. Every moment you fill your keg or get that reusable growler, you are basically supporting in decreasing waste and energy usage as well.

  1. Greater Ingredients

An average beer only takes four ingredients: grains, yeast, hops and water. It is definitely not rocket science. However, chances are your local brewery utilizes fresher, high quality, and a times even organic ingredients. Go into your nearest brewery store and 9 out of ten brewer will be very glad to take you back and allow to really taste and smell the ingredients that they put to their masterpiece. It only happens occasionally that a master brewer will turn down a request to let the others see the ingredients that they use in their beer and how they utilize them.

Health Benefits of Wine


Wine is among the most famous alcoholic drinks. It made from grapes, then fermented with other items such as sugars, acids, enzymes, nutrients, and water. As time passes by, wine tastes better.

Here are a few health benefits that you can have whenever you drink wine:

Cardiovascular Health

Wine can protect the heart and the blood vessels. According to research, moderate drinkers with high blood pressure are 30% less prone to having a heart attack if compared to those who don’t. Aside from that, wines contain procyanidins that can defend the heart against cardiovascular diseases. Wines that are from France and Sardina have more procyanidins if compared to other wines.

Moreover, wine can help decrease the risk of having a stroke. According to researches, the chance of suffering from a blood-clot associated stroke is decreased by about 50% for those moderate wine drinkers.


Wine can also decrease the risk of depression. Based on research that was conducted on almost 5,000 men and women, it was seen that those people who drank at least 2 to 7 glasses of wine per week show lesser risks of being diagnosed with depression.

Hepatic Health

Even if wine is associated with alcoholic beverages, wine can help prevent diseases in the liver. Research showed that those hard liquor and beer drinkers have over the quadruple danger of having acquiring non-alcoholic fatty liver disease compared to wine drinkers. However, one should also keep in mind that excessive alcohol consumption can still cause liver diseases.

Sample Recipe

Chicken Marsala is one of the many recipes that uses wine. This dish is easy and suitable for casual and fancy dinner setups. The ingredients include: a half cup of Marsala wine, one-fourth cup of cooking sherry, four tablespoons of olive oil, a slab of butter, one cup of mushrooms, a pinch of salt, one-fourth cup of all-purpose flour, a pinch of black pepper, half teaspoon of dried oregano, and boneless chicken breast halves.

Mix the salt, flour, pepper, and oregano in a bowl. Then, proceed by coating the chicken in the flour mixture. Melt the butter in a skillet over medium heat, and cook the chicken until it is lightly browned. Once it is brown, add the mushrooms. Pour the wine and the sherry. Simmer for 10 minutes until the meat is cooked.

Red Wine: Choosing the Best for Your Health


People who took an active interest to know for a fact that alcohol is not good for the body. However, there might be something that can be an exception, and that might be red wine. According to researches, numerous health benefits are inherent when it comes to drinking wine.

One of the benefits include the blocking of the formation of fat cells – this can be explained because of the compounds called flavonoids. Flavonoids inhibit the oxidation of bad cholesterol. Aside from that, wines also have resveratrol that has anti-inflammatory properties, can help protect nerve cells from damage and even Alzheimer’s, aid in preventing diabetes.

Here is are a selection of the best red wines for your health:

Pinot Noirs

Grown in cold and wet climates, Pinot Noirs are proven to contain highly concentrated resveratrol. When choosing Pinot Noir, it might be best if you select the ones that were developed in old-fashioned wineries since they maintain the high levels of resveratrol.

Cabernet Sauvignon

This type of wine is produced from Red Tannat grapes, and they have high levels of procyanidins. Studies found that wines with high levels of procyanidins are linked to high rates of longevity.

Madirans & Merlot

Made from Tannat grapes, Madiran wines are also highly concentrated of procyanidins. This type of wine is usually sourced from France, Sardinia, and Italy. Merlot, on the other hand, is made from black grapes.

Syrahs (or Shiraz)

Also containing huge amounts of procyanidins, these wines are sourced in all regions and can be flavored with blackcurrants.


Originated in Italy, but now widely created in California, the Barbera contains massive amounts of resveratrol and provides similar health effects.


Though it is good for your health, there should still be a limit to how much wine you should drink. Studies suggest that you limit your drink to 5oz if you’re a woman, and 10oz for men.

The sweeter the wine, its level of flavonoids and other polyphenol are also minimal. Dry wines are likely to have almost all the good antioxidants in high amounts. The darker the color, the more anthocyanin it contains

6 Tips For The Beginner Brewer


The craft of home brewing has swept the nation. Beer brewing contests and competitions are rising in numbers, as well as the competitors. If you’re a beginner when it comes to home brewing, then there are things that you have to be knowledgeable about.

Below are among the necessary and most vital things that you should get used to for you to become adept in the craft.


In brewing, sanitation and sterilization are the ones that you should always make a priority. Issues on sanitation can occur even before the process of brewing, and it doesn’t end until you finally put them in a capped bottle. Sterilization should be maintained right after you cool your beer to avoid bacterial contamination and infection.

Cooling of Wort

It is vital that you always cool your wort at the soonest possible moment. A fast cooling process will allow an increased fallout of proteins and tannins which are bad for your beer. Aside from that, it can also minimize the chance for bacteria to cultivate. Cooling your wort fast can also improve the clarity of your beer, making it visually appealing.

Darker Beers

No matter what your favorite beer may be, the best option to start with is the dark ones. Porters and stouts are usually best at cloaking the mistakes that you may have done because of their physical and flavor profile.


The logic that fresher, better ingredients produce better output is also correct when it comes to brewing. This means that you should also have a profound understanding of your ingredients and the best ways to keep them fresh and clean. Having quality ingredients will most likely give you a good flavor and aroma.

Choose Glass Fermenters

Usually, home brewing kits include plastic fermenters. Though they are inherently inexpensive to have, you should consider having a glass or stainless steel fermenter because they provide a better barrier when it comes to blocking oxygen and contents also don’t stick as easily if compared to plastic fermenters.

Always Think Long-Term

Engaging in home brewing is a form of investment. Whenever you purchase equipment for brewing, you should always consider buying ones that are of quality and efficiency to save costs. Thus, purchase things wisely.

Homebrewing is a mixture of science and art which makes it a lot of one. For you to successfully become successful in it, you have to think strategically and wisely. Learn from every mistake, and you’ll surely have the best beer.

5 Tips for Entering Your First Homebrew Competition


If you’ve been into the craft of brewing for a long time, the thought of engaging in a homebrew competition surely have already crossed your mind. If that’s the case, then your skills and excitement shouldn’t be the only thing that you have to prepare.

When going to your first brewing competition, here are some tips and things to keep in mind for you to be fully equipped and prepared to have a better chance of success.

  1. Read the rules

Usually, competitions will have the generic and specific set of rules for entries. These rules can involve limitations and caps on recipes, kind of packaging, and volume requirements. You have to familiarize and heed these rules to avoid having all your efforts put to waste just because you overlooked one rule, which led you to disqualification.

  1. Packaging

Most of the time, competitions require at least two or three 300mL of beer, packed in each bottle. The wise option is to use standard crown top bottles for some competitions request that you give them output in quart swing top bottles.

Another thing to consider is the bottle’s appearance. Aside from making sure that it is clean, you should also be sure that there are no identifying marks since most competitions want bottles that are clear from any labeling. This is to maintain the anonymity of the brewer to avoid bias from the judges.

  1. Entry labels

Competitions would usually ask you to fill out a tag and attach it to every bottle. In most cases, they’ll request you to attach the labels with rubber bands. This is a rule that you should always follow to provide the organizers ease in sorting entries.

  1. Classifying

Be sure that you choose the beer to brew in accordance to the competition’s requirements. Aside from that, you also have to make sure that the beer that you produced won’t be miscategorized. If you’re unsure what your beer classification is, it might be best if you find a friend with superb palate and have him/her discern the classification.

  1. Give Back

Usually, these competitions are run by volunteers. These people usually donate their time in support of the craft. With that being said, it would be great if you show a spirit of solidarity by supporting the event by having more understanding and patience whenever there are delays. Or better yet, give them a beer!

Home Brewing: Hard Cider For Beginners


The perfect time to make a hard cider brew is when it’s apple harvest season. You can brew this fresh and organic drink in the comfort of your own home if you’re someone who’s into the craft of home brewing.

First Timer’s Hard Cider

Volume: 1 gallon

Ingredients and Equipment Needed:

One clean glass gallon jug

One packet of bread yeast

1 gallon of organic and fresh apple juice

2 cups of sugar

2-3 cinnamon sticks

One pinch whole cloves

One balloon and one rubber band


1 airlock & stopper (replacement of the balloon and rubber band)

One packet of wine yeast (substitute of the bread yeast)


The amount of sugar that you add to your brew before fermenting it is a factor that will affect the cider’s alcohol content. Aside from that, various yeast and sugar combination will create different alcohol content, taste, and body.

Here are the rough estimates:

0 added sugar ≅ 5% alcohol

1 cup added sugar ≅ 8.5% alcohol

2 cups added sugar ≅ 12% alcohol


Mix sugar and apple juice into the jug. Shake until sugar is dissolved.

Add cinnamon sticks and whole cloves.

Activate the yeast. Make sure that you follow the instructions as seen on the packet. Proceed by adding the yeast into the jug and mix it.

Attach the balloon to the opening of the jug, and add the rubber band to secure it in place. While the yeast is fermenting, the balloon will be filled because of the emission of gases. Release the gas from time to time by moving the rubber band and pulling the balloon.

Place the cider undisturbed in a dim, warm place to aid fermentation. Allow sedimentation.

After about 14 days, the balloon should no longer be inflating with gas – this means that your brew is no longer fermenting. Leaving your cider longer would allow sediments to settle at the bottom, making the clarity increase.

Siphon your cider and leave behind muck.

To have light carbonation, return the cider to the jug and add a few spoons of sugar, and follow the above steps for fermentation and sedimentation.

Home-Brewing Mistakes Beginners Usually Commit


If you’re a beginner in the craft of home brewing, it can be discouraging whenever you commit mistakes; however, you can turn that mistake as a chance to learn and have yourself become better in brewing.

Here are the most usual brewing mistakes that beginners commit:

No Sanitation

One of the most prone dangers that a brewer can expose their beer are bacteria and wild yeasts, and this can occur whenever everything else is well-done except proper sanitation. Your brew can result into an over-attenuated, sour, and can potentially have phenolic flavors if you don’t give sanitation importance.

To counter this risk, you should always make sure that your apparatus and gears are clean and free from exposure to bacteria and contamination.

Overcomplicating the Process

Beginners in brewing usually tend to have themselves overcomplicate the process of brewing, thinking that a longer and more detailed process would result in a great brew. However, overwhelming the details of your brewing process is highly unnecessary since brewing is just a straightforward and non-complex process, and professional brewers can attest to this fact.

Uncontrolled Fermentation Temperature

Fermentation-temperature control is the second most vital part of brewing, next to sanitation. Yeast, a variable in home brewing, works within a specific temperature range, and the quality of aroma and flavors will depend on that temperature range.

Aside from that, the temperature should be maintained at an even level during the fermentation; this way, you can avoid having an unpleasant brew output.

Sudden Changes

Experts in brewing suggest that beginners in brewing should take it slow saying that the key to perfecting the process it to change one thing at a time. For instance, if you want to create a specific kind of beer, the best and most appropriate thing to do is to change one detail at a time. This way, whenever you make corrections, you can still mark and keep track of your progress until you finally have your desired type of beer.

Brewing is more of a craft and not an exact science. Along the way, you will make mistakes and errors, but what’s important is you learn from them and never stop until you get the perfect brew.